Dental care is a fundamental element of the entire health and for that reason is tremendously important to have an appropriate dental care routine on a regular basis. Naturally, as a consequence of lack of dental care can occur various dental damages and unwanted conditions. Therefore, visiting your dentist should be ranked high on your health priority list. Dental surgery is a special field of dentistry which consist various dental procedures that are employed in order to cure certain kind of damages of the tooth or damage of the gutter. Dental Surgery will help you to improve your facial smile but it can also help you to get pass through a persisting pain caused by a damaged tooth.
Dental surgery varies from Reconstructive dental surgery trough dental cosmetic procedures to oral infection treatment. There are commonly three basic types of Dental Surgery such as: Endodontic (dental surgery that involves the surgical procedure on the root of the tooth), Prosthodontics (dental procedure that involves dental prosthetics such as bridges, implants, crowns and dentures), Orthodontics (treatment of the teeth such oral infection and apiectomy). The most common Endodontic procedure is the root canal surgery. The root canal surgery is performed when there is diseased pulp in the center of the tooth or the blood vessels and nerve in the center of the tooth.
The inside areas of the tooth such as root canal and pulp chamber are filled with bacteria and infected, so they are causing crucial damage to the teeth. When the nerve tissue in the tooth is damaged the pulp breaks down and permits bacteria to fill in the tooth. The most common symptoms of root canal are: excessive pain while chewing, discoloration of the tooth, sensitivity to cold or hot, swelling of the gums and persisting pimple on the gums. When your tooth is in condition like these the pulp has to be removed, otherwise it can lead to further complications of the tooth such as excessive swelling that can expand to other areas of the face, permanent damage of the root and bone loss around the root. The procedure of root canal is removing the infected tooth nerve and pulp so the inside of the tooth can be cleaned and sealed. The main goal of the root canal surgery is to save the damaged tooth and prevent extraction of the same. The root canal requires several visits to your dentist and x rays of the damaged tooth.
The root canal can be performed by endodontic dentist or a regular dentist. The root canal is performed under local anesthesia, although anesthesia sometimes is not necessary since the nerve is dead and numb. Your dentist will apply rubber dam to keep the area dry and to absorb saliva. Later on your dentist will drill an excessive hole into the tooth and will remove the decayed pulp, damage nerve and bacteria from the tooth. The cleaning of the tooth is performed with a root canal files, thus the name root canal. After the surgery you might feel soreness in the tooth but your doctor will prescribe you painkillers to reduce the pain.