Periodontal treatments relate to treating problems of the gum and gum disease. Periodontal disease affects many adults in different capacities- from mild to severe gum infections. Treatments are done by periodontal dentists, who specialize in gum infection treatment. Nowadays, advances in medicine include laser gum treatments as well as periodontal surgery as forms of treatment.
Periodontal disease causes include improper oral hygiene which affects your gum health. When you don’t brush and floss at least twice a day, plaque builds up on your teeth and hardens. Plaque is full of bacteria that continue to live within your mouth until you go in for a professional deep cleaning by your dentist. While bacteria thrive in your mouth, they cause gum disease such as gingivitis which progresses to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a very serious condition that causes receding gums and destruction of the soft tissue that hold your teeth in place, which eventually leads to loose teeth that can fall out.
The first step of receding gum treatment is to remove plaque through scaling and root planing techniques. Your dentist can physically scrape away at the plaque using metal hand tools. An alternative is laser periodontal treatment, where dental lasers remove the plaque. Once the bacteria have been physically removed, prescription medicine can be given to reduce the systemic effect of infection and control any lingering bacteria.
In severe cases, the only periodontal cure is surgery. If your case of gum disease is severe enough to require surgery, this means plaque has built up as tartar under the gums and cannot be scraped away by your dentist in a routine cleaning. In flap surgery, the periodontal dentist lifts the gums to form a flap through which he can remove tartar deposits. The gums are sutured back into position after surgery. Laser gum surgery is a less invasive method that patients seem to prefer. There are fewer side effects and the patient experiences less pain and discomfort during surgery. A dental laser called LANAP (Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure) is used to target infected gum tissue.
Maintaining good oral hygiene can avoid periodontal problems. This includes regular brushing and flossing as well as regular visits to your dentist for tooth cleaning.