Each of us has had to sit in the dentist's chair at least one time. Someone goes to the dentist every six months, others less often, and for some people, going to the dentist is associated with intolerable pain in teeth. Most often this pain can be triggered by caries in the teeth, or many other diseases of the oral cavity. When the dentist cannot cure a tooth, it is necessary to remove it. Tooth extraction is considered to a surgery, and after this procedure complications often occur. Each patient, who is preparing for the removal of the tooth, needs to know all the types of possible complications, in order to be prepared and know what to do in a given situation, and to know whether they should worry about it.
The most common consequence of tooth extraction is swelling. Patients often complain of swollen gums after a tooth extraction, swelling of the cheeks or flux. This is due to the partial destruction of the soft tissue around the tooth. It's unpleasant, but if the swelling is small, it passes in 2-3 days. To relieve swelling after tooth extraction, you can put ice to the cheek for about 10 minutes. If the swelling will not pass, you can put heat. Hold the hot-water bottle for about 20 minutes, then take a break for 10 minutes and start again.
Sometimes the swelling can be caused by allergies to anesthesia. In this case anti-allergic drug will help. But if the swelling has increased, it may be an indication of arising inflammation after the tooth extraction. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.
An increase in temperature is a normal reaction to a traumatic tooth extraction. It can remain increased for 2 - 3 days, rising in the evening. Follow the rules of oral hygiene and take fever-reducing medications. But if the condition will not improve soon, you should visit the dentist.
Another common complaint after a tooth extraction is that gums, neighboring tooth, jaw, or throat hurt. Typically, this is the usual symptoms after a traumatic tooth extraction. They are caused by the damage of the periodontal tissues and nerves, which will pass in few days. For example, if temporary aching pain occurs after the removal of the tooth, this is normal. In order to ease the discomfort, you can take painkillers. But if the pain becomes worse, it's worth to visit the doctor.
Bleedings after tooth extraction is not uncommon, but there are different types of bleedings. If the bleeding occurs immediately after tooth extraction it is quite normal, because of the rupture of blood vessels during surgery. In this case, the doctor will provide you with the necessary assistance. But sometimes bleeding occurs in a few hours after the operation. In order to stop the bleeding after tooth extraction you can put a small gauze pad to the hole and bite it. In 15 minutes blood will stop. But if the bleeding did not stop, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Blood clot must remain in the hole after the removal of the tooth. This is a very important part of the healing process. This clot protects the bone and nerves and serves to form the bone tissue after the extraction. So you should not rinse your mouth and have a hot meal for a day after the procedure, it promotes the resorption of the clot. But sometimes it is not formed there, and such complication as dry socket occurs.
Most often, it occurs after complicated extractions, accompanied by a significant injury. If there will be no blood clot, then the socket hurts, sometimes it seems that the ear hurts, and there is an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth. Inflamed gums or alveolitis may become the consequence of dry socket after a traumatic tooth extraction. Therefore, immediately contact your dentist when you have a sharp pain in the socket. The dentist will put a tampon with a special anti-inflammatory gel.
Paresthesia is a numbness of tongue, lips or chin after the tooth extraction; it is a result of nerve damage. Most often it occurs after the removal of wisdom teeth that are placed close to the facial nerve. This undesired complication will pass within 1-2 weeks after surgery. But if the damage is serious, paresthesia may become permanent problem. Fortunately, such complications are rare.
Soreness after the removal procedure is unpleasant, but inevitable. Remember, if these feelings become more and more acute, then only the dentist must finish the treatment of complications. Do not put off going to the dentist and take the pain analgesics. Proper and timely treatment can help you to avoid more serious complications.
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Douglas K. Underwood
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