Basic causes of malocclusion in children

Basic causes of malocclusion in children

Let's consider the principle reasons for the formation of incorrect bite in children:
1. Mouth breathing. Unfortunately, problems with adenoids, chronic rhinitis, maxillary sinusitis and other are not rare diseases among children. With the absence or shortness of nasal breathing, child constantly has to breathe through the mouth, holding it open. It affects the growth of the jaws, teeth and facial skeleton. In such way the upper jaw remains to be narrow. In such cases, for successful treatment, the co-working of the child’s dentist and ENT doctor will be needed. So, as you can see, simple rhinitis can cause many unexpected problems.

2. Bad habits such as thumb and tongue sucking. Even a nail-biting, pencils biting, sucking a pacifier much longer than it is needed, can lead, for example, to the open bite (when the teeth of the upper and lower jaw cannot close up with each other).

3. Supernumerary teeth. Sometimes, the child has not only the rudiments of necessary teeth, but also superfluous, supernumerary. These teeth erupt in the wrong places, preventing the normal eruption of teeth. These teeth may have an irregular shape and size that can complicate the situation. Treatment in this case is only one - the removal of all unnecessary teeth, because harm from these teeth can be a lot more than good.

4. Multiple caries of milk teeth. Violation in the form of decayed teeth often results in the early loss of teeth and, of course, leads to malocclusion.

5. The shortened tongue-tie and not only. In the mouth, a person has a few fraenums, excessive development or underdevelopment of which can lead to a variety of anomalies. Therefore, if the dentist will notice the short frenulum in child, and will advise you to cut it, you should not think up excuses, such as, father and mother have the same frenulum, but they are still alive and relatively healthy. In some cases it can lead to one consequence, and sometimes quite to the other. Dentists know better what to do. By the way, the treatment of this kind of disease is often in the first place. Usually it should be done within the first year of child’s life.

6. Incorrect posture. It can sound strange, but it is true. If your child is sitting at the table crooked, bent, stooped, which results in scoliosis and other spinal curvature, it can be reflected in the face. What's even more amazing is the fact that too good posture can lead to the same results! Ballet dancers have always been considered people with the most beautiful posture, correct and stable. They go straight always and everywhere, not only on stage. So, as a result of constant tension in the muscles under the lower jaw of professional dancers (who start learning to dance ballet from a very young age) the growth inhibition of the lower jaw is very common, which leads to the distal occlusion, micrognathia and other unpleasant pathologies.

7. Heredity. Heredity can affect anything. Face, teeth and jaws are not exceptions. In history, there are many examples of genetically transmitted structural features of the jaws and facial skeleton. Often, such family signs were passing on from generation to generation for hundreds of years. One can get the same width of jaw like father has and the width of the teeth from mother. And if the father has a small jaw, and mother has wide teeth (or vice versa), their child can get overcrowded teeth, buccal or palatal dentition and so on.

Any of these problems and complications can be easily brought under control, but on one condition, if all these problems will be identified fixed in time. Our children deserve the best attention, childhood, and the whole life. Prevention is always cheaper than the treatment, so it is better to start thinking about the future of our kids today.



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