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Periodontitis risk factors

Periodontitis risk factors

There are five things an oral health provider should know about periodontitis. Patients have to know about disease risk factors. A periodontal exam plays a great role in this case.

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Prevalence of gingivitis and periodontitis

Gingivitis is one of the most extended periodontal diseases in the USA. It is common for children and adults as well. The disease provokes bone loss and chronic inflammation. The main symptoms are bleeding, recession and mobility. Regular dentist checkups may help to identify periodontal condition and helps to start treatment at the early stage. It is also important to understand whether you at risks or not. Risk factors help to determine the patients who are inclined to disease development. At risk factor are patients who smoke, has poor oral hygiene or diabetes.

The connection between periodontitis and systemic illnesses

In order to identify who is at risk for the disease is of great importance not only for tooth loss prevention but also to show a relationship between periodontitis and systemic disease. Periodontitis can lead to some cases of systemic diseases. Among them: cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and pregnancy complications. Other possible connections were also evaluated including pulmonary disease, rheumatoid arthritis and pancreatic cancer. Dentists have to keep patients informed in order to treat the possible disease effectively or to prevent it. Patients with periodontal disease have to keep proper oral health and have constant dentist appointments.

Implants and periodontal disease

Implants like natural teeth also need good care in order to prevent the development of periodontal conditions. Implants can be a reason of two diseases. The first one is inflammation and bone loss. And the second one is peri-implant mucositis that represents gingival inflammation without any bone loss. Smoking, poor oral hygiene, occlusal overload, genetic factors, diabetes and prior history of periodontitis are risk factors for the disease development. Findings of researches showed that more than 35% of patients with implants suffer from periodontal issues around their implants. Depending on problem severity, the treatment can be surgical and nonsurgical as well. 

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