Gingival flap surgery

Gingival flap surgery

What do we call gingival flap surgery?

If your dentist needs access to the tooth root and the bone, he can separate gums from the teeth and fold back temporarily. This procedure is gingival flap surgery.


What is the purpose of the procedure?

The procedure of gingival flap surgery is performed to treat periodontitis or gum disease. It can be provided alone or together with bone surgery.


The first stage is calculus removal provided by your dentist in order to ensure good oral hygiene. It is important to determine that patient’s overall health allows carrying out surgical procedure.

The procedure

The procedure begins with a local anesthetic. Then your periodontist will separate gums from the teeth with the help of scalpel, fold them back or lift getting a direct access to the teeth bone or roots. Then follows inflamed tissue removal from the area of between the teeth and holes in the bone.

So when the surgery is finished and gums are in place again, some periodontists may use stitches at once or in 7-10 days after the procedure. A periodontal pack or dressing covering the surgical site can also be provided by the periodontist.


In some cases patients can experience with swelling and bleeding. There are also rare cases of infection development.

Treated areas of your gums are inclined to recede over time and the teeth sometimes become sensitive to temperature: cold and hot. Root cavities may occur as well.

When you are to consult a professional

If you experience pain, discomfort and minor bleeding during two days after the surgery it is a normal process. The symptoms are to disappear in a couple of days. But when not and you can’t stop bleeding after three days, you are to consult your periodontist. The reason can be an infection. 


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